Ghana is particularly vulnerable to climate change, due to its lack of capacity to undertake adaptive measures to address environmental problems, as well as the socio-economic costs of climate change.
Climate-induced disruption of agricultural systems, flooding of coastal areas, and sea erosion are all tangible effects of climate change in Ghana, a country which ranks high amongst African countries most exposed to risks from multiple weather-related hazards.
Since it was built in 1965, the large Akosombo dam has produced the bulk of the total electricity, and until the 1990s, Akosombo produced about 80% of national electricity supply. Recently however, erratic and reduced levels of precipitation have started to seriously threaten the production capacity of the dam. As a result there has been a significant reduction to approximately 65% of the electricit. This is one of the many factors demonstrating Ghana’s need to review the nation’s options for strengthening future resilience with a reliable and clean energy mix.
Read here about the climate innovation system in Ghana and our recommended strategies for strengthening it.
Demographic Yearbook 2008, Table 5 Estimates of
mid-year population: 1999-2008.
Carbon emissions per country:
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), thousand metric tons of CO2.
Carbon emissions per capita:
2007, Ghana: 0,4289
(CDIAC) Carbon dioxide emissions (CO2), metric tons of CO2 per capita.
Population below $1 (PPP) per day, percentage:
2006: 30 %
GDP per capita:
Ghana $ 1,600 (2010 est.)